Ecuador - latitude 0 º-0'-0"
Notes - packlist and itenerary
of Ecuador - Galapagos
2005 Rafting World Championships held on the Quijos River in Ecuador
|Arrival in Quito (elevation 9,300 feet/ 2,385
meters) the US
Ecuador adopted the US dollar as their official
currency in 2000.
Quito is the oldest South American Capitol Quito info found here and here - Ecuador Explorer
|The Republic of Ecuador has great
fall, winter and
spring in the northern hemisphere.
Ecuador's diverse rivers are rain
fed and free flowing - bringing weekly fluctuations.
Ecuador has lots
|Paddling in Ecuador
Ecuador are remote and committing, rain plays a big factor in all of
Estimates are that only a few hundred paddlers have
been to Ecuador.
Jungle runs are committing, walking out is usually not a viable option.
If paddling multi-day trips, bring a good snake-proof tent, gloves,
ropes, climbing gear and sufficient bivuoac.
|All of the
direct threats to the integrity of Ecuadors amazing rivers and
-mining, oil development
and exploration - punching roads into the forests
irresponsible oil and gas development damaging forever the native
cultures of Ecuador and the Amazon basin
-hydro power development
-inadequate waste and
uncontrolled and unplanned growth
agricultural practices and substinence living
|Geography of Ecuador
-comparable in size to the American state of
one of the most geographically and ecologically diverse countries in
geographical regions compose Ecuador.
(Described in East to West
(Amazon Jungle) some of the most biologically diverse and pristine
areas on earth falling off the central mountain spine eastward and
southeast into the jungles
-La Sierra (the Andean
highlands) the high altitude Paramo grassland, condors, glaciated
volcanoes, cloudforests, Inca Ruins, centerline of the country
(Coastal lowlands) hello mosquitoes and surf !
-Galapagos Islands (Pacific
Ocean) spectacular volcanic islands with unique island biogeography.
The Ecuadorian Andes have a spring-like character/climate year
round, making them a mountain paradise.
hosts more than 15,000 types of vascular plants, more than 400 types of
with more than 375 types of reptiles, more than 320 mammilian species,
1700 types of fish!
Ecuador's Amazon region receives over 20 feet of rainfall annually.
Thats a lot!
The Amazon River is the largest freshwater river system in the world.
Amazon averages 20+ feet of rain/year.
black flies, mosquitoes
|It can rain so hard
in Ecuador that paddling must stop. Now THAT is serious rain!
When you breathe in the rain
with every breathe and when visibility is literally beat down by rain,
its time to bivouac.
The jungles of Ecuador are loaded with
snakes, spiders, scorpions and plenty of other crawlers.
The mosquitoes are most common in La Costa, and less common in La
rios de Ecuador
los rios de Ecuador
Andean mountain range gives birth to Ecuadors incredible and diverse
carve their way to the ocean through deep canyons, gorges, jungles and
valleys, yielding hundreds of miles of kick ass whitewater.
Ecuador envelopes most of the headwaters of the Amazon river
resulting in one of the highest concentrations of rivers per square
mile in the world!
Add into the mix: warm tropical waters, year-round flows, good access
to paddling in the Amazonian jungle and you've got the worlds greatest
Los rios de Ecuador can experience fluctuations at any time, so be
Kayaking in the Quijos Valley / Near
Baeza Colonial ( 4,000' ~ 7,000' Elevation)
lots of potatoes
steep gradient, small eddies, best qualified as an expert run due to
the number of hazards involved.
The Upper Run - put in just below Papallacta Hot Springs - Class V -
The Lower Run - Class V - steep and technical with many scouts
two hours north of Tena
Baeza Colonial is the paddling hub for Rio Quijos
colder air and water temps
|The Quijos river is born a small glacial creek on the
flanks of Antisana Volcano.
It grows to become a huge river deep in the Amazon basin.
The Quijos river has over 70 miles of spectacular whitewater to enjoy
The upper Quijos region typically has fewer
cooler air temps and less humidity, ya never know.
The upper runs
are continuous, steep, and technical
Play spots abound the lower
canyons, as do many flavorful towns and people.
Rio Quijos Runs:
-Lodge to Sardinas (Class IV) a five mile run, busy and continuous,
takeout at gravel pit
-El Cacho Canyon Run (Class IV-) remote, sscenic basalt canyon - Bigger
Panel of Experts rapid
-Cheesehouse Run (Class V) putin bellow confluence with
-Bridge #2 (Class IV) continuous, joins thhe Cosanga river 2/3 way
through this run
-Sardinas to Bom Bon (Class IV) big water pool-drop river, beautiful
canyons, two scouts, big action
-Bom Bon to Salado (Class IV) playful big water, two scouts,
III to I as run finishes through virgin rain forest and waterfalls.
Below the 475-foot San Rafael Falls (highest in Ecuador):
Two hour walk in to paddle a three day Class III-IV wilderness run.
The Quijos River region usually sees a dry season that begins in
into the Quijos River from the West above the town of Bom Bon.
Continuous Class IV~V,
clear water, hole dodging, finishes in the Oyacachi Preserve
Typically, I think of the Oyachi as more of a creek than a river
really, but it can grow and grow fast, and can become a big river when
Ecuadorian rains begin. Its true steep, action-packa
Class III+ ~ IV+
main trib of Rio Quijos
south of Baeza on way to Tena
|Town Run - (Class
III+) tight and technical run with one portage
loads of read and run, big pourovers and stout holes
Lower Run - (Class IV) boat scouting, eddy hopping, blind drops, steep
cliffs, remote, lush
tropical birds and waterfalls hundreds of feet high while you paddle
this river's three wonderfully technical runs.
|kayaking near Papallacta
Papallacta has developed hot springs with a
series of pools and hot showers with gorgeous mountain views and good
Class III big water
pool drop rapids
| Rio Jatunyacu (upper Napo
River) is a big
volume, clear water river
Its a bigger water river, so the rapids can be
voluminous and pack a punch.
There are unique watershed views and really warm tropical feel down
The Hatless Hole has been known to school and tool.
|Upper Misahuallí River
one hour from Tena
continuous ClassIV gorge
mid Oct ~ mid March
Ecuadorean creekin at its best!
bustling and somewhat remote port at the juncture of the rivers Napo
The village was the original Ecuadorian jungle
tourist outpost, and after dozens of years and despite the entrance of
Tena and other jungle towns into the tourism market, is still a popular
starting point for jungle tours and canoe trips.
The town of Misahuallí
offers well developed, though rustic, tourism services, including good
craft shops, cafes, and lodging.
The Upper Upper
Misahualli holds Class IV-V rock dodging action.
Rio Misahualli boasts clear, warm water, polished granite boulders,
jungle shoreline, and children swimming near indigenous villages.
virgin jungle experience
|The "Lower Mis" is
quintessential jungle run of Ecuador.
Passing through a remote
rainforest it has it all; great surfing, big powerful rapids, parrots,
toucans and waterfalls
nice side creeks making waterfalls
Usually addressed as the
Experience, this is the most challenging rafting trip presently offered
It has some big class IV rapids, set in a deep and majestic
canyon with virgin jungles all around it.
The trip involves tackling a
challenging gorge filled with back to back class IV rapids,
spectacular 30 foot waterfall
running the single biggest rapid commonly rafted in all of Ecuador
called "the Land of the Giants" .
This river is only to be rafted from
mid-October through mid-March of normal rain years.
During other times of
the year this river is typically too high to be run.
The Misahualli has a great section done as a kick-ass day trip
Takeout at the beach confluence of the Rio Napo and the Misahualli
|Rio Anzu joins Alto
Napo near Puerto Napo - river usually runs clear
boatable flows b/w 500cfs ~ 2500cfs
Upper section of Rio Anzu - great Class IV run - putin can be tuff to
find - run mellows with lower elevation
close to Banos area
run. Long day of powerful, technical rapids.
Rio Topo has one of the worse shuttle roads in the country.
If its high flows at the take-out bridge, do not attempt the road.
|Big volume river
with powerful rapids and big holes, fast moving current
Rio Pastaza runs brown due to pollution and upstream siltation.
Much of the run is visible from the road.
|Rio Napo Watershed and The Napo River Valley
|Puerto Napo is 10
south of Tena on the Napo River
The Napo River Valley is warmer than the Quijos Valley cause its lower
and deeper in the Amazon Basin
The Napo River is one of
rivers in Ecuador, 870 miles long.
The burning snows of Cotopaxi fill the Napo River.
Río Napo: Big waves and pure fun!
In almost every
sense, this is as perfect a rafting river as could be asked for.
It has an amazing combination of exciting rapids, calm pools, and
Being one of the two major sources that form the Amazon
river itself, it always has plenty of water to be rafted year around.
through October the Upper Napo is usually at it's full
splendor with a steady medium to high water flow.
The Upper Rio Napo is typically run
as a one day trip which consists of a full 25 kilometers of rafting and
only one hour of driving time round-trip from Tena.
|kayaking the Tena Valley (Quijos Valley to
Five hours southeast of Quito
capitol of Napo Province
the base for many
kayak trips because it's loaded with large and small whitewater rivers.
is a pleasant and laid back town
on the fringe of the Andean Foothills and the Amazon basin.
Tena has retained native culture and
traditional lifestyle, but the oil companies are rapidly raping Ecuador.
The nearby Rio Misahualli is
loaded with waterfalls
remote jungle run with a nicer walk-in than the Upper Jondachi.
A good warm up river to prep for the Upper Jondachi.
This river can rise rapidly!
Jondachi: this canyon knows no
letting up - very demanding.
with a local guide.
This run is only 10
kilometers long, but it packs nearly one hundred rapids.
The setting is
truly breathtaking on this steep creek.
Jondachi starts off in high
water as Class V/V+.
Thick jungle and steep terrain make
hiking out not a good option.
Jondachi River: begins with a few miles of Class IV rapids - technical
- low water = high pin potential
9 hour run - best as 2day
known for rapid water level changes
river - overnight jungle kayaking trip - (Rio Hollin pronounced
When the Hollin is in flood stage it can equal lost boats, unpleasant
nights in the jungle with no food,
and a long walk out.
Plan on an overnite bivy. Bonus feature: paddle a Class IV cave
Read the story of
Hollin River as told by CSU Humbolt / Arcata paddlers
Santo Domingo Region
(three hour drive west of Quito)
of the Andes offers two popular rivers:
the Río Toachi and the
These two rivers run practically parallel each other
until the town of Valle Hermoso where they come together forming the
lower Rio Blanco.
|Upper Río Blanco
best Jan thru May
best as two day from
Los Bancos to Valle Hermoso river camping
|Running parallel and just north of
the Toachi is the pristine
Upper Río Blanco.
Medium to high water: the Upper
Blanco is a rafting delight.
Non-stop, continuous rapids keep the crew
awake and having fun for the entire length of the trip.
The scenery and
surroundings of this trip are lush and beautiful.
At off times the water levels of this river can get so low that you
yourself lifting and pushing the raft over rocks.
The only drawback to
Upper Blanco: makes for too long a day of driving to make it
an enjoyable 1-day trip.
cloud forest river
|The Rio Toachi has
become Ecuador's most rafted
river due to the fact that it is the whitewater trip closest Quito.
The Sapo Gorge is the most common run. Once the river meets Santa
Domingo, get out, b/c water quality decreases significantly.
The Toachi has great rapids and is an excellent river, making
for excellent boating during its medium and high water season (January
to end of May)
Due to increased
pressure from civilization, Rio Toachi is no longer considered among
Ecuador's most pristine rivers, though it continues to be the most
viable rafting option for travelers that do not want to stray far from
The round trip drive to the river and back takes an average of 5
1/2 hours and trips are offered about 4 days a week.
kayak trips on the Upano river - can be run as a five day trip
located in the southern part of Ecuador - grey rocks, powerful
big ass Anaconda snakes - wonderful canyons - home of the "Canyon of
the Sacred Waterfalls'
friendly environment, warm water run with easy rapids, great for
Operators for Galapagos --> the highly recommended: Galapagos
|Yacu Amu Rafting
& Rios Ecuador are two of
America’s most respected rafting and Kayaking tour companies who have
joined forces to offer the most comprehensive trips and courses from
single day adventures to four day courses and custom-booked trips.
day kayaking courses cost from US$300.
Yacu Amu - Foch 746
between Juan Leon Mera & Amazonas, 2nd floor -Tel 02 290
- website: www.yacuamu.com
Ave 15 de Noviembre & 9 de Octubre - Tel 06 886 727
- website: www.riosecuador.com
Matt Terry also runs a great non-government
Ecuadorian Rivers Institute.
Check out his great work helping the
waterways of Ecuador at www.kayakecuador.com
<-- Ecuador paddling beta from a Brit!
your own ropes if you're traveling with your boat, will need
calling to the US from Ecuador: dial 001 first then area code, number
common native tongue is Quechua.
General advise about the Republic
Travel within Ecuador is mostly safe, always be wary of petty
Watchout for regional areas of unrest; esp.
Northeast of the country.
Travelers have been kidnapped in the Northeast. Stay current with US Embassy info.
in Ecuador (rule of thumb: boil it, cook it, peel it, or forget it!)
Typhoid Fever are the two most common diseases transmitted through food
Yellow Fever and Malaria are the most common diseases
transmitted by insects.
Stay healthy by eating only well cooked food, or fruits and vegies you
Avoid the un-pasteurized dairy, avoid street vendor foods, avoid ice in
Dont drink the tap anywhere, buy bottled water or if brining your own
filter, ensure that it removes bacteria and viruses.
( Hepatitis, Tetanus, Polio )
Local health experts in Ecuador say that Yellow Fever is not prevalent
currently and vaccination is not necessary.
"Kayakers Guide to Ecuador" from Small World
Adventures. -to get a copy, just visit Colorado
to Avoid in Ecuador:
ear or an ear infection of any kind, use ear plugs if you have them.
if you get an ear infection, I advise
using mullein garlic oil
of the following that might work for you:
In addition to
this product, a new ear drop will soon be available from this company
Anistil contains vital ingredients to help reduce the
inflammation caused by ear infections.
To learn more
about Anistil, visit their website at: http://www.ProgressiveHealth.com
behind this product is not as
established as the alternatives to it.
The product is more of a "cure all" that is not really geared at one
specific health issue.
To learn more
about Mesosilver, visit their website at: http://www.Purestcolloids.com
- Pain in the ear which can
be signified by infants/adults pulling on their ear
- High fever
- Loss of hearing
- Stomach pains that cause
vomiting and loss of appetite
- Tiredness and irritability
- Can be associated with
upper respiratory tract infections
- May occur with teething
What Causes Ear
Ear infections can be caused
by various factors, here are the different types of ear infections that
may occur in children and adults:
- External Ottis
(Swimmers Ear)- Upper respiratory tract infections usually precede
these types of ear infections.
The affected area is in the ear canal,
extending from the eardrum to the outside of the ear, and becomes
swollen and inflamed.
- Ottis Media (Middle
Ear Infection)- The area that is infected is behind the ear drum
where air pressure is regulated.
Bacteria and viruses get into this
space which causes inflammation and the build up of pressure.
of infection usually causes a fever and a throbbing pain in the ear.
Ear infections often become
a chronic problem due to the anatomy of the ear. (Which is a total
bonus for kayakers and surfers.)
Solutions Regarding Ear Infections
To help reduce the severity
of the ear infection and speed up recovery, use supplements that
contain these ingredients:
- Vitamin B-Complex-
Essentially all of the B-Vitamins are crucial for healing and boosting
the immune system.
- Zinc- Studies have
shown that children with ear infections are deficient in zinc. This
nutrient is helpful for boosting the immune system.
- Larch Arabinogalactan-
Has been recently used in studies for children suffering from Ottis
Researchers are recording results of faster recovery times and
less chance of recurring infections when using this supplement.
- Ear Drops- Garlic
and Mullein containing ear drops have been shown to have a positive
effect on ear infections when applied every few hours.
stand by the Garlic-Mullein oil for use in treating ear infections.